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Consumer Price Index (CPI) in the United States.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure that examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food, and medical care. It is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them. Changes in the CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living. The CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation.
United States – Consumer Purchasing Power of the Consumer Dollar
What Is Purchasing Power?
Purchasing power is the value of a currency expressed in terms of the number of goods or services that one unit of money can buy. Purchasing power is important because, all else being equal, inflation decreases the number of goods or services you would be able to purchase.
The Federal Reserve is the central bank of the United States; it is arguably the most influential economic institution in the world. One of the chief responsibilities set out in the Federal Reserve’s—also called the Fed’s—charter is the management of the total outstanding supply of U.S. dollars and dollar substitutes. The Fed is responsible for creating or destroying billions of dollars every day.
Despite being charged with running the printing press for dollar bills, the modern Federal Reserve no longer simply runs new paper bills off of a machine. Some real dollar printing does still occur (with the help of the U.S. Department of the Treasury), but the vast majority of the American money supply is digitally debited and credited to major banks. Real money creation takes place after the banks loan out those new balances to the broader economy.